Roots of the Faith – The Incommunicable Attributes of God: Independence

My notes for Wednesday night, Jan 11th. Remember, these are my personal study notes and not a manuscript of the sermon. They are provided as an outline each week for our Tabernacle Church family. Our study over the next few months will be “The Roots of the Faith.” This study will focus on key biblical truths that will transform our thinking and allow us to faithfully live out the Christian life. You can find Sermon Notes, Family Devotional Guides, Prayer List, and other resources at our Church Website.

Resources for this Study

50 Core Truths of the Christian Faith – Gregg R. Allision

Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine – Wayne Grudem

Biblical Doctrine: A Systematic Summary of Bible Truth – John MacArthur & Richard Mayhue


  • The incommunicable attributes are God’s characteristics or perfections, as revealed by Scripture, that God does not communicate, or share, with human beings.” (Gregg R. Allison, page 73)
  • “The foundation of all true knowledge of God must be a clear mental apprehension of His perfections as revealed in Holy Scripture. An unknown God can neither be trusted, served, nor worshipped.”  A.W. Pink
  • When we get our view of God right… then we can get our life right.
    • Right Belief – Right Living



  • God is independent and self-sufficient.
  • Creation is dependent upon Him.
    • Wrong – God needs you
    • Right – God needs nothing

God does not need us or the rest of creation for anything, yet we and the rest of creation can glorify him and bring him joy.

Wayne Grudem, page 190.

God is independent of all things. He is perfectly self-sufficient, not depending on anything outside himself for anything, and is therefore the eternal, foundational being, the source of life and sustenance for all other beings.

John MacArthur, page 168.

A Look in the Word

(John MacArthur, page 169)

  1. As Yahweh, God is self-existent, having life in and of himself
    • Ex. 3:14; John 5:26
  2. God existed before all things, and through him alone all things exist.
    • Ps. 90:2; 1 Cor. 8:6; Rev. 4:11
  3. God is Lord of all.
    • Deut. 10:17; Josh. 3:13
  4. He depends on nothing; all things depend on him.
    • Rom. 11:36
  5. He is the source of everything.
    • Deut. 32:39; Isa. 45:5–7; 54:16; John 5:26; 1 Cor. 8:6
  6. He does as He wills.
    • Ps. 115:3; Isa. 46:10–11; 64:8; Jer. 18:6; Dan. 4:35; Rom. 9:19–21; Eph. 1:5; Rev. 4:11
  7. His counsel is the basis of everything.
    • Ps. 33:10–11; Prov. 19:21; Isa. 46:10; Matt. 11:25–26; Acts 2:23; 4:27–28; Eph. 1:5, 9, 11
  8. He does everything for His own sake.
    • Josh. 7:9; 1 Sam. 12:22; Pss. 25:11; 31:3; 79:9; 106:8; 109:21; 143:11; Prov. 16:4; Isa. 48:9; Jer. 14:7, 21; Ezek. 20:9, 14, 22, 44; Dan. 9:19
  9. He needs nothing, being all-sufficient.
    • Job 22:2–3; Acts 17:25
  10. He is the first and the last.
    • Isa. 41:4; 44:6; 48:12; Rev. 1:8; 21:6; 22:13
  11. He is independent in His mind (Rom. 11:33–35), his will (Dan. 4:35; Rom. 9:19; Eph. 1:5; Rev. 4:11), his counsel (Ps. 33:11; Isa. 46:10), his love (Hos. 14:4), and his power (Ps. 115:3)

Roots of the Faith – An Intro and why it matters

My sermon notes for Wednesday night, Oct 19th.  Remember, these are my personal study notes and not a manuscript of the sermon. They are provided as an outline each week for our Tabernacle Church family. The church provides a live stream of the service each Wednesday at 6:30 on Facebook. We also provide the services through YouTube. You can find Sermon Notes, Family Devotional Guides, Prayer List, and other resources at our Church Website.

Over the next few months we will be digging deep into God’s Word to learn more about key biblical truths that are foundational to our Christian faith. My goal is not just to give information, but rather information that will change the way we live our life. I am calling these truths the Roots of the Faith.


  • Why this topic?
    • Jeremiah 17:7-8
    • Psalm 1:1-6
    • Part of our on-going discipleship ministry at TAB
  • Why Roots?
  • Tree analogy
    • Support
    • Nourishment
    • Fruit

Our roots determine our spiritual health and our fruits

  • Our Theology Drives our Methodology
  • Our beliefs impact our thinking.  Our thinking impacts our behavior
    • Our actions are an indication of our mind and heart
    • Our desires lead to choices (our will to do something)
Romans 8:4–8 - [4] in order that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not according to the flesh but according to the Spirit. [5] For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit set their minds on the things of the Spirit. [6] For to set the mind on the flesh is death, but to set the mind on the Spirit is life and peace. [7] For the mind that is set on the flesh is hostile to God, for it does not submit to God’s law; indeed, it cannot. [8] Those who are in the flesh cannot please God. (ESV)

With Strong Roots:

We will be people who stand firm in the faith

  • Make a stand. I know I am saved
  • Continuing in the faith
2 Thessalonians 2:13–17 - [13] But we ought always to give thanks to God for you, brothers beloved by the Lord, because God chose you as the first fruits to be saved, through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth. [14] To this he called you through our gospel, so that you may obtain the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. [15] So then, brothers, stand firm and hold to the traditions that you were taught by us, either by our spoken word or by our letter.

[16] Now may our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God our Father, who loved us and gave us eternal comfort and good hope through grace, [17] comfort your hearts and establish them in every good work and word. (ESV)

We will be people who are not be taken captive

  • Falling prey to the thinking of the world
  • If I know what is right… I can recognize what is wrong
Colossians 2:6–9 - [6] Therefore, as you received Christ Jesus the Lord, so walk in him, [7] rooted and built up in him and established in the faith, just as you were taught, abounding in thanksgiving.

[8] See to it that no one takes you captive by philosophy and empty deceit, according to human tradition, according to the elemental spirits of the world, and not according to Christ. [9] For in him the whole fullness of deity dwells bodily, (ESV)

We will be people of fruitful perseverance

  • Finishing faithful
  • Bearing fruit
  • Wise decisions in life.
    • the dangers of mounting bad decisions
    • the joys of the foundation of good decisions
2 Peter 1:3–11 - [3] His divine power has granted to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of him who called us to his own glory and excellence, [4] by which he has granted to us his precious and very great promises, so that through them you may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped from the corruption that is in the world because of sinful desire. [5] For this very reason, make every effort to supplement your faith with virtue, and virtue with knowledge, [6] and knowledge with self-control, and self-control with steadfastness, and steadfastness with godliness, [7] and godliness with brotherly affection, and brotherly affection with love. [8] For if these qualities are yours and are increasing, they keep you from being ineffective or unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. [9] For whoever lacks these qualities is so nearsighted that he is blind, having forgotten that he was cleansed from his former sins. [10] Therefore, brothers, be all the more diligent to confirm your calling and election, for if you practice these qualities you will never fall. [11] For in this way there will be richly provided for you an entrance into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. (ESV)

We will be people of truth

  • We shall not be shaken
  • On solid ground, unwavering.
1 Timothy 3:14–15 - [14] I hope to come to you soon, but I am writing these things to you so that, [15] if I delay, you may know how one ought to behave in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, a pillar and buttress of the truth. (ESV)
Psalm 62:1–2

To the choirmaster: according to Jeduthun. A Psalm of David.

	[1] For God alone my soul waits in silence;
		from him comes my salvation.
	[2] He alone is my rock and my salvation,
		my fortress; I shall not be greatly shaken. (ESV)

Q & A with Pastor Jon – “Why is doctrine important?”

Q & A with Pastor Jon is a teaching time dedicated to looking directly at Scripture as we answer questions that I have been asked over the course of my ministry.  Remember, these are my personal study notes and not a manuscript of the sermon. They are provided as a listening guide each week. The church provides a live stream of the service each Wednesday at 6:30 on Facebook. We also provide the services through YouTube. You can find our Worship Guides, Family Devotional Guides, Prayer Lists, and other resources at our Church Website.

Why is doctrine important?

This question touches on other aspects of the Christian life:

  • Why truth matters.
  • The importance of the theological beliefs of a church (not all churches are the same)
  • The joy we have as believers to mature in our faith as dig deeper into the Word of God.

A couple of my go to phrases…

  • “All Christians need to know what they believe and why they believe it.”
  • “Our theology drives our methodology” (as a person and as a church)
  • So goes our thinking so goes our life (when we see people make terrible decisions we will ask “what were they thinking”)

A few statements I have encountered over the years:

  • Why can’t we all just get along.  We need unity at all costs.
  • I have the holy spirit and I have my own relationship with God therefore, I do not need the “church” to tell me how to live or what to believe.
  • We can have different interpretations of the Bible. It can mean different things to different people.

As always… we must biblically define the terms:

  • Doctrine – something that is taught. A set of beliefs
  • Doctrine is what we believe about God and the Christian faith.
  • True Doctrine – The substance of what separates true biblical Christianity from other religions and philosophies of the day.
  • The Biblical truths that shape and mold our faith.

Why is it so important?

Jesus told us to go and make disciples. Matthew 28:18-20

A disciple is someone:

  • that has accepted Jesus as their personal Savior and Lord
  • that is growing daily in their relationship with Him
  • that is serving Him by their involvement and ministry within the fellowship of His Church
Acts 2:42–47 - [42] And they devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers. [43] And awe came upon every soul, and many wonders and signs were being done through the apostles. [44] And all who believed were together and had all things in common. [45] And they were selling their possessions and belongings and distributing the proceeds to all, as any had need. [46] And day by day, attending the temple together and breaking bread in their homes, they received their food with glad and generous hearts, [47] praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to their number day by day those who were being saved. (ESV)
Titus 1:5–9 - [5] This is why I left you in Crete, so that you might put what remained into order, and appoint elders in every town as I directed you—[6] if anyone is above reproach, the husband of one wife, and his children are believers and not open to the charge of debauchery or insubordination. [7] For an overseer, as God’s steward, must be above reproach. He must not be arrogant or quick-tempered or a drunkard or violent or greedy for gain, [8] but hospitable, a lover of good, self-controlled, upright, holy, and disciplined. [9] He must hold firm to the trustworthy word as taught, so that he may be able to give instruction in sound doctrine and also to rebuke those who contradict it. (ESV)
Titus 2:1–8 - [1] But as for you, teach what accords with sound doctrine. [2] Older men are to be sober-minded, dignified, self-controlled, sound in faith, in love, and in steadfastness. [3] Older women likewise are to be reverent in behavior, not slanderers or slaves to much wine. They are to teach what is good, [4] and so train the young women to love their husbands and children, [5] to be self-controlled, pure, working at home, kind, and submissive to their own husbands, that the word of God may not be reviled. [6] Likewise, urge the younger men to be self-controlled. [7] Show yourself in all respects to be a model of good works, and in your teaching show integrity, dignity, [8] and sound speech that cannot be condemned, so that an opponent may be put to shame, having nothing evil to say about us. (ESV)
Ephesians 6:10–20 - [10] Finally, be strong in the Lord and in the strength of his might. [11] Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the schemes of the devil. [12] For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers over this present darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly places. [13] Therefore take up the whole armor of God, that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand firm. [14] Stand therefore, having fastened on the belt of truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness, [15] and, as shoes for your feet, having put on the readiness given by the gospel of peace. [16] In all circumstances take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming darts of the evil one; [17] and take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God, [18] praying at all times in the Spirit, with all prayer and supplication. To that end, keep alert with all perseverance, making supplication for all the saints, [19] and also for me, that words may be given to me in opening my mouth boldly to proclaim the mystery of the gospel, [20] for which I am an ambassador in chains, that I may declare it boldly, as I ought to speak. (ESV)
Romans 12:1–2 - [1] I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship. [2] Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that by testing you may discern what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect. (ESV)

Truths to embrace:

  • Teaching and Learning are key components within the church… handed down from the early church. (Maybe it is time to get back to how we used to do church)
  • Our doctrine must be Biblical (sound and good)
  • It is not an option for a true child of God.  Each believer is responsible for their growth and maturity.
  • The intake of the Word (Doctrine) is what shapes our mind and transform or life.  A transformed life is a life doing the will of God. (THE WORD: Read, Meditate, Live Out)

We must be people that are:

  • Teachable – I do not know all the answers.
  • Maturing/Growing – I need to be showing progress in my walk with the Lord.
  • Diligent – It is going to take an effort on my behalf.
  • Humble – Do not let knowledge “puff you up” 1 Cor. 8:1  The more we grow in knowledge the humbler a servant we should become.

God has given us all we need to believe right and live right. God has provided the Word of God, the Spirit of God, and the people of God.

I believe every Maturing Christian needs these resources as part of their personal library:

  • A study Bible
  • A Systematic Theology
  • Commentaries

Here is a link to some resources that could be of great help.