Romans 3:21-31

My sermon notes for Sunday morning, Oct 30th.  Remember, these are my personal study notes and not a manuscript of the sermon. They are provided as an outline each week for our Tabernacle Church family. The church provides a live stream of the service each Sunday at 10:30 on Facebook. We also provide the services through YouTube by Sunday afternoon.  You can find Sermon Notes, Family Devotional Guides, Prayer List, and other resources at our Church Website.

Romans 3:21-31 – Righteousness by Faith Alone


  • FIRST… this will be a very quick overview of this passage. I will preach through smaller sections in the future.
  • Romans 1:16–17 – For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.” (ESV)
    • NOT – Faith MAKES ONE RIGHTEOUS (the works that followed)
  • Martin Luther – Oct 31, 1517 in Wittenberg, Germany.  Nailed the 95 theses to the door of the church. (He was not trying to leave the Catholic Church but correct their understanding of the Gospel. This event sparked the Reformation)
  • 5 Solas of the Reformation
    • Scripture Alone: Scripture provides our rule for faith and practice.
    • Christ Alone: Righteousness before God comes only through the person and work of the Lord Jesus Christ.
    • Grace Alone: Salvation flows from the unmerited favor of God.
    • Faith Alone: Faith provides the only means of justification.
    • God’s Glory Alone: All of life is to be lived to the glory of God.

Manifestation of God’s Righteousness – vv. 21-22a

(1) God is its source (Is. 45:8); (2) it fulfills both the penalty and precept of God’s law. Christ’s death as a substitute pays the penalty exacted on those who failed to keep God’s law, and His perfect obedience to every requirement of God’s law fulfills God’s demand for comprehensive righteousness (2 Cor. 5:21; 1 Pet. 2:24; cf. Heb. 9:28); and (3) because God’s righteousness is eternal (Ps. 119:142; Is. 51:8; Dan. 9:24), the one who receives it from Him enjoys it forever.

John F. MacArthur Jr., The MacArthur Bible Commentary (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2005), Ro 3:21.

Totality of God’s Righteousness – vv. 22b-23

  • All who believe (faith)
  • Manifested and yet must be received
  • All have sinned

Means of God’s Righteousness – vv. 24-26

  • Justified
    • Declared righteous
    • Free from the guilt and penalty of sin
    • Imputed with the righteousness of Christ
  • By His grace as a gift
  • Through the redemption in Christ Jesus
  • Propitiation
    • Wiped away. Satisfied
  • By His blood
  • Received by faith
  • Show God’s righteousness
  • Forbearance passed over former sins
    • Patience and Mercy
  • Show at present time
    • The Cross of Christ
  • Justifier of the one   who has faith in Jesus

Basis of God’s Righteousness – vv. 27-31

  • What becomes our boasting
  • Jew and Gentile
  • Justified by faithFaith alone
    • Reveals the true purpose of the law
Ephesians 2:8–10
 - For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, [9] not a result of works, so that no one may boast. For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them. (ESV)

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