John 19:16-30 – The crucifixion of Christ.

My sermon notes for Sunday, Aug 19th as we continue our study through The Gospel of John. Remember, these are my personal study notes and not a manuscript of the sermon.  To see the sermon each week or subscribe to the weekly sermon podcast please visit


John 19:16–30

[16] So he delivered him over to them to be crucified.

So they took Jesus, [17] and he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called The Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha. [18] There they crucified him, and with him two others, one on either side, and Jesus between them. [19] Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It read, “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.” [20] Many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Aramaic, in Latin, and in Greek. [21] So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but rather, ‘This man said, I am King of the Jews.’” [22] Pilate answered, “What I have written I have written.”

[23] When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his garments and divided them into four parts, one part for each soldier; also his tunic. But the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom, [24] so they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it shall be.” This was to fulfill the Scripture which says,

“They divided my garments among them,
and for my clothing they cast lots.”

So the soldiers did these things, [25] but standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. [26] When Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, “Woman, behold, your son!” [27] Then he said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” And from that hour the disciple took her to his own home.

[28] After this, Jesus, knowing that all was now finished, said (to fulfill the Scripture), “I thirst.” [29] A jar full of sour wine stood there, so they put a sponge full of the sour wine on a hyssop branch and held it to his mouth. [30] When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, “It is finished,” and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit. (ESV)


John 19:16-30 – The Crucifixion of Christ


His walk – vv. 16-18


John does not take much time on the suffering or brutality of the crucifixion.  Throughout the Gospel John has been focusing not as much on His humanity (suffering), but on His deity.  JESUS IS IN CONTROL.


  • Walking outside the city to the place of crucifixion
  • Carrying the crossbeam
  • Simon of Cyrene carries (Mark 15:21)
  • Greek – place of skull
  • Aramaic – Golgotha


His inscription – vv. 19—22


Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.


John is the only one that shares the dialogue back and forth with the Jewish leaders.  Remember, he believed Jesus to be innocent. Pilate’s inscription is a direct insult to the leadership of the religious leaders and would have infuriated them.


  • Aramaic – language of the Jews
  • Latin – language of the Roman govt.
  • Greek – Everyday language of the people within the Empire


John 12:31-32 – How true these words truly were.


His garments – vv. 23-24


The executioners would have been allowed to keep the garments of those being executed.

  • Outer garments
  • Inner garments – Ps. 22:18


In the most minute of details we see GOD IS ABSOLUTELY IN CONTROL.


His mother – vv. 25-27


As the executioners cast lots for His garments we see the care that Jesus has for His mother.  A TRUE PICTURE OF THE GREAT SHEPHERD.


His last words – vv. 28-30


In the synoptics (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) we see intense mocking and the cry of abandonment, yet here John shows us a Savior that is in complete control.  HIS DEITY.


I thirst

  • A fulfillment of Ps. 69:21.
  • I want my last words to be clearly heard.



  • Te-tel-estai – PAID IN FULL (written on a bill of sales)
  • Is in the perfect tense which describes a PAST completed act with PRESENT effect, emphasizing that the past completed event of Christ’s death on the Cross has ongoing, even permanent effects. Jesus’ sacrifice may have occurred in time and space, but its results will last for eternity!


This is not:

  • My suffering on this cross is done.
  • My life of struggling is over
  • Finally, I get to go home.


No this was a cry of victory and completion

  • I came to seek and to save that which was lost
  • I came to give new life and give it more abundantly
  • I came to make right that which was wrong.
  • I came to open blind eyes
  • I came to raise the dead
  • I came to do what no one could do. I PAID THE PRICE



A.W. Pink

No this was a declaration on the part of the Divine Redeemer that all for which He came from heaven to do, was now done; that all for which was needful to reveal the glorious character of God had now been accomplished; that everything necessary for the putting away of the sins of His people, providing for them a perfect standing before God, securing for them an eternal inheritance and fitting them for it, had all been done.


  • Made an end of – our sins and our guilt
  • Paid – the price of our redemption
  • Was performed – the utmost requirement of God’s law


C H Spurgeon

“an ocean of meaning in a drop of language, a mere drop. It would need all the other words that ever were spoken, or ever can be spoken, to explain this one word. It is altogether immeasurable. It is high; I cannot attain to it. It is deep; I cannot fathom it. IT IS FINISHED is the most charming note in all of Calvary’s music. The fire has passed upon the Lamb. He has borne the whole of the wrath that was due to His people. This is the royal dish of the feast of love.”




Then he bowed His head and gave up His Spirit. v. 30

  • Bowed head
  • Gave up His spirit

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